The intelligent (or smart) system, originally had applied to electrical and mechanical systems on an IT network that was continuously monitored.
The smart building included civil engineering structures and aerospace systems to control structural functions. The intelligent structure has the capability to identify its status and optimally adapt its function in response to stimuli. Smart building technologies include a healthy environment, people and culture, environment protection, economy, and politics in order to build an environment for the best productivity and healthy living in harmony with nature.
The smart building integrates building performance with occupants' needs. Intelligent architecture consists of three areas:
Building architecture and design
Technology applications and hardware
Computer-aided building management and maintenance systems
The smart building's operation capabilities:
1. Multi-system integration that provides enhanced functionality for a building
2. Integration of data from several building systems, business tools, facility management systems, and exterior data
3. Analysis of building data and the creation of metrics in order to measure and monitor building performance against benchmarks or established goals
4. Advanced building management platforms with the capability to deploy real-time system analytics and do so on an enterprise basis, remotely and covering an entire portfolio of buildings.